Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Residents (DAPA)
On November 20, 2014, President Barack Obama announced that his administration would not deport certain undocumented parents of U.S. citizens and parents of lawful permanent residents and announced an expanded DACA policy. Under the new policy, Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Residents (DAPA), individuals who have deferred action status can apply for employment authorization and are considered in the U.S. under color of law. Like the DACA policy, DAPA will not grant legal status - only Congress can do that - but it relies on the long-established notion that administrations can decide not to pursue certain deportation cases where there are humanitarian reasons or other compelling factors.
The Department of Homeland Security is currently blocked from implementing DAPA and the expanded DACA policy due to a February 2015 rulling by a Texas federal court. The court based the decision on an argument that the federal government did not comply with rulemaking procedures under federal law.
- FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: The Obama Administration's DAPA and Expanded DACA Programs - National Immigration Law Center
- FACT SHEET: Immigration Accountability Executive Action - White House