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The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights

The Nation's Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition

The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights  & The Leadership Conference Education Fund
The Nation's Premier Civil and Human Rights Coalition

Federal Court Nominees Under Bush

For many Americans, the federal judiciary is the first line of defense against violations of dearly held constitutional principles; for others, it is the last bastion of hope in a system that has marginalized, mistreated, or simply ignored them. But several nominees under Bush had extremely troubling records on crucial issues for all Americans, and it was critical that the Senate and the public focus on these concerns.

Supreme Court Nominees

During the Bush administration, two seats became vacant, giving President Bush the opportunity to nominate a justice and a new chief justice.

About the Nominees

Additional Information

Court of Appeals Nominees

  • D. Brooks Smith - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
    Confirmed July 31, 2002 
  • Michael McConnell - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
    Confirmed on November 15, 2002
  • Dennis Shedd - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
    Confirmed on November 19, 2002
  • Jeffrey Sutton - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
    Confirmed on April 29, 2003
  • Miguel Estrada - U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn on September 4, 2003
  • James Leon Holmes - U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas
    Confirmed July 6, 2004
  • Carolyn Kuhl - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn December 2004
  • Charles Pickering - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn December 2004
  • William Myers III  - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn December 2004
  • Priscilla Owen - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
    Confirmed on May 25, 2005
  • Janice Rogers Brown - U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
    Confirmed on June 8, 2005
  • William H. Pryor, Jr - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
    Confirmed on June 10, 2005
  • Thomas Griffith - U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
    Confirmed on June 14, 2005
  • Deborah Cook - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
    Confirmed on May 26, 2006
  • Brett M. Kavanaugh - U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
    Confirmed on May 26, 2006 
  • Jerome A. Holmes - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
    Confirmed July 26, 2006
  • Michael B Wallace - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn January 2007
  • Terrence William Boyle - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn January 2007
  • William Haynes II - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn January 2007 
  • Leslie Southwick - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
    Confirmed on October 24, 2007
  • Gene Pratter - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
    Nomination Withdrawn July 2008

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