Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)
The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) would prohibit employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. There is currently no federal law protecting individuals from job discrimination based on actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity. This means that at any time, someone can be discriminated against, fired or not hired simply because he/she is or is perceived to be gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender.
ENDA is modeled on the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits employment discrimination based on race, religion, gender, national origin, and color. ENDA works within the boundaries of the Civil Rights Act to protect a group of people who have been historically and are currently discriminated against.
Currently, several states offer protection based on sexual orientation and gender identity. ENDA would ensure this type of protection across the entire country to all citizens of the United States.
- Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Human Rights Campaign
- Employment Non-Discrimination Act - ACLU
- ENDA Timeline - Human Rights Campaign
- The State of the Workplace - Human Rights Campaign Foundation - 2/12/2009 - This annual report is a national source of information on laws and policies surrounding sexual orientation and gender identity in the workplace.
- Working in the Shadows: Ending Employment Discrimination for LGBT Americans - ACLU - 9/17/07 - This ACLU-issued report urges Congress to pass ENDA, and uses the stories of workers from across the country who have experienced workplace discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity to make the case for passage of the bill.
Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2007
- ENDA Fact Sheet
- ENDA Talking Points
- ENDA's Religious Exemption Fact Sheet
- House Vote: Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Leadership Conference Voting Record 2008
- Successes and Setbacks on ENDA - Civil Rights Monitor Winter 2007
- House Passes ENDA - Feature Story - 11/8/07
- The Leadership Conference Applauds Passage of Civil Rights Bill - 11/8/07
- ENDA Coalition Sign-on Letter - Advocacy Letter - 11/06/07
- Opposition to the Strategy and Process for Consideration of ENDA - Advocacy Letter - 10/01/07
- Emotional Testimonies Frame Hearing on Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) - Feature Story - 9/14/07
Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2001
- Employment Non-Discrimination Act Moves Forward in Senate - Civil Rights Monitor Fall/Winter 2002
- Broad Bipartisan Support for the Reintroduction of ENDA - Civil Rights Monitor Spring 2002
- Employment Non-Discrimination Act Moves Forward in Senate - Feature Story - 4/25/02
- Business, Civil Rights Leaders Voice Support for ENDA - Feature Story - 3/4/02
- The Leadership Conference Urges Senate To Pass Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Press Release - 2/27/02
- The Religious Exemption to the Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Fact Sheet - 8/1/01
- Prohibiting Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation: Why A Federal Law is Needed - 8/1/01
- Broad Support for Reintroduction of ENDA - Feature Story - 7/31/01
- The Leadership Conference letter to the House Regarding ENDA - Advocacy Letter - 7/17/01
- Burden of Proof Under the Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Fact Sheet - 7/1/01
- Support Growing for Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Feature Story - 6/29/01
ENDA in the 1990s
ENDA was first introduced in the 103rd Congress on June 23, 1994. Six days later on July 29, the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee held the first congressional hearing ever to consider civil rights protections against sexual orientation. It has been reintroduced to the 104th, 105th and 106th Congresses and has been gaining bipartisan support every time.
- Employment Non-Discrimination Act Of 1999 Introduced In The 106th Congress - Civil Rights Monitor Fall 1999
- Employment Non-Discrimination Act - Civil Rights Monitor Winter 1997