President of the United Auto Workers since 1977, Fraser was a member of the Chrysler board of directors as the first union leader elected to such a post. He led the UAW to greater job security during the severe automobile-industry slump of 1981-1982.
The daughter of two former slaves, Tucker was a music teacher, an organist at the Liberty Baptist Church, D.C., and a file clerk for the federal government. She worked for the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters until she founded the International Ladies’ Auxiliary in 1937. Working with the Brotherhood, the Ladies’ Auxiliary fought against racism, focusing on the need for civil rights legislation, the protection of minority voting rights, and the preservation of dignity on the job.