Vote NO on the Motion to Proceed – S. 3985 the JUSTICE Act

View this letter as a PDF here. 

June 23, 2020

Vote NO on the Motion to Proceed – S. 3985 the JUSTICE Act

Dear Senators,

On behalf of The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights (The Leadership Conference), a coalition charged by its diverse membership of more than 220 national organizations to promote and protect civil and human rights in the United States, and the undersigned 139 organizations, we write to express our strong opposition to S. 3985, the Just and Unifying Solutions to Invigorate Communities Everywhere (JUSTICE) Act. The JUSTICE Act is an inadequate response to the decades of pain, hardship, and devastation that Black people have and continue to endure as a result of systemic racism and lax policies that fail to hold police accountable for misconduct. This bill falls woefully short of the comprehensive reform needed to address the current policing crisis and achieve meaningful law enforcement accountability. It is deeply problematic to meet this moment with a menial incremental approach that offers more funding to police, and few policies to effectively address the constant loss of Black lives at the hands of police. We therefore urge you to oppose the JUSTICE Act and vote no on the motion to proceed when this legislation is brought to the floor. The Leadership Conference will score this vote in our voting record for the 116th Congress.

Abusive policing practices, coupled with devastating state-sanctioned violence, have exacted systemic brutality and fatality upon Black people since our nation’s founding. Police have shot and killed more than 1,000 people in the United States over the past year,[1] and Black people are disproportionately more likely than white people to be killed by police.[2] The chronic structural issue of police killings and lawlessness against Black people have escalated to a boiling point in recent weeks following the deaths of individuals like Breonna Taylor, Dreasjon “Sean” Reed, George Floyd, Tony McDade, and others. The current protests in our cities are a response not only to the unjust policing of Black people, but also a call for action to public officials to enact bold, comprehensive, and structural change.

That is why, on June 1, 2020, The Leadership Conference sent Congress a letter outlining accountability principles that must be adopted as a baseline to address rampant, systemic, white supremacy in law enforcement across America. In less than 12 hours, more than 450 of this country’s most diverse civil rights, civil liberties, and racial justice organizations signed onto that letter because what was asked of Congress aligned with what advocates, policing experts, and other stakeholders agree is needed. The priorities highlighted are not only reasonable but reflect a bare minimum of what must be included in any policing legislation Congress adopts in order for systemic reform to occur.

These priorities are: (1) the creation of a use of force standard that allows force only when necessary and as a last resort; (2) a ban on chokeholds; (3) a ban on racial profiling; (4) the establishment of a police misconduct registry; (5) the inclusion of a “reckless” standard in 18 U.S.C. Section 242 that enables federal prosecutors to hold law enforcement accountable for criminal civil rights violations; (6) a prohibition on no-knock warrants, especially in drug cases[3]; (7) the elimination of the judge-made doctrine of qualified immunity, which allows officers and other government actors to evade accountability when they violate individuals’ rights[4]; and (8) the demilitarization of law enforcement agencies.[5] This accountability framework is reflected in S. 3912, the Justice in Policing Act of 2020.

Unfortunately, Senate majority leadership ignored these critical policies and introduced the JUSTICE Act, a bill that fails to align with our framework principles and will therefore not bring about the fundamental shift in policing our country needs. The bill does nothing to address current barriers to holding law enforcement accountable, such as abolishing qualified immunity or criminalizing the reckless use of force. It does not address, let alone prohibit, the perverse yet pervasive practice of racial profiling, nor does it include explicit bans on dangerous practices like chokeholds or no-knock warrants. It fails to address the militarization of police or the need for a national standard restricting the use of force, and lacks the national, robust, and publicly available misconduct registry required for true transparency.

Further, the JUSTICE Act provides more than $7 billion of additional federal dollars for law enforcement over the next five years, directly contradicting our coalition’s call and that of those marching in the streets to redefine public safety by reducing the footprint of our criminal legal system. Many of the crises that currently involve police responses, and which too often lead to mistreatment and increased mistrust, would be better handled through the addition of health providers, social workers, and others who can meet the needs of communities in a non-punitive manner. Pouring additional funding into a broken system is bad policy. Furthermore, considering the limited financial resources prompted by the COVID-19 pandemic, all policing reform models must reprioritize how limited dollars are spent. The programs authorized by the JUSTICE Act will necessarily mean fewer funds to tackle other issues critical to long-lasting safety, such as housing, education, and health care. Millions of people in the United States are calling for these kinds of direct investments into communities, and Congress should heed that call.

Now is the time for Congress to be bold and pass meaningful police accountability reform legislation. A vast and diverse collection of people from coast to coast are calling on lawmakers to prioritize Black communities and protect them from the systemic perils of over-policing, police brutality, misconduct, and harassment. It is your moral and ethical duty to ensure Black people and communities are free from the harm and threats from law enforcement and militarized police responses. It is also your responsibility to ensure that any legislation passed does not just provide lip service to these problems, but fully meets the critical needs of this moment and beyond. Passing watered-down legislation that fails to remedy the actual harms resulting in the loss of life is a moral statement that is inconsistent with a genuine belief that black lives matter. Anything less than full support for comprehensive legislation that holds police accountable is inexcusable.  Further, any attempt to amend or salvage the JUSTICE Act will only serve to “check the box” and claim reform when, in actuality, no reform has occurred to combat police misconduct and to protect Black lives. For these reasons, we urge you to oppose the JUSTICE Act and vote no on the motion to proceed on this legislation.

Thank you for your leadership in advancing these important policy recommendations. If you have any questions about the issues raised in this letter, please contact Sakira Cook of The Leadership Conference at [email protected] or The Leadership Conference Justice Task Force co-chairs, Kanya Bennett of the ACLU, [email protected] and Hilary Shelton of the NAACP at [email protected].


The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights

A Little Piece Of Light

ActionAid USA

AFGE Local 3354

African American Ministers In Action

Alabama State Association of Cooperatives

Alianza Americas

Alianza Nacional de Campesinas

American Association for Justice

American Atheists

American Civil Liberties Union

American Family Voices

American Federation of Teachers

American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)

American Humanist Association

American Indian Mothers Inc.

American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC)

Americans for Democratic Action (ADA)

Amnesty International USA

Arkansas United

Asian Americans Advancing Justice | AAJC

Atrisco Community

Autistic Self Advocacy Network

Autistic Women and Nonbinary Network

Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law

Bend the Arc: Jewish Action

Black Farmers and Agriculturalists Association, Inc.

Bread for the World

Center for Disability Rights

Center for Law and Social Policy

Center for Responsible Lending

Center for the Study of Hate & Extremism-California State University, San Bernardino

Chi-Town GVP Summit

Church of Scientology National Affairs Office

Clearinghouse on Women’s Issues

Climate Reality Project

Coalition of Black Trade Unionists

Coalition on Human Needs

Coalition to Stop Gun Violence

Common Cause

CommonSpirit Health

Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd, U.S. Provinces

Constitutional Accountability Center

Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)

CURE (Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants)

Daniet Initiative Set Project

Defending Rights & Dissent

Demand Progress

DemCast USA

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Drug Policy Alliance


End Citizens United // Let America Vote Action Fund

Equal Rights Advocates

Equality California

Farmworker Association of Florida

Feminist Majority Foundation

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Hindu American Foundation

Hispanic Federation

Human Rights Campaign

Human Rights First

Immigration Hub


Innocence Project

Japanese American Citizens League

Jewish Council for Public Affairs

Joint Action Committee

Justice in Aging

Justice Roundtable

Juvenile Law Center

Kansas Black Farmers Association Inc

Lambda Legal

Landowners Association of Texas

Leadership Conference on Civil & Human Rights

League of Conservation Voters

League of Women Voters of the United States

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Mommieactivist and Sons



Muslim Advocates


NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.

National Action Network

National Advocacy Center of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd

National Association of Human Rights Workers

National Association of Social Workers

National Center for Transgender Equality

National Council of Churches

National Council on Independent Living

National Domestic Workers Alliance

National Down Syndrome Congress

National Education Association

National Employment Law Project

National Equality Action Team (NEAT)

National Housing Law Project

National Latino Farmers & Ranchers Trade Association

National LGBTQ Task Force Action Fund

National Organization for Women

National Partnership for Women & Families

Natural Resources Defense Council

NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice

New America’s Open Technology Institute

Oklahoma Black Historical Research Project, Inc.

Open Society Policy Center

Oxfam America

People For the American Way

People’s Action

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PFLAG National

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Rabbinical Assembly


Restore The Fourth

Rural Advancement Fund of the National Sharecroppers Fund

Rural Coalition

Silver State Equality-Nevada

Southern Border Communities Coalition

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Stand for Children

Stand Up America

Students for Sensible Drug Policy


Texas Progressive Action Network

Texas Watch

The Agenda Project

The Black Alliance for Just Immigration (BAJI)

The Daniel Initiative

The Sikh Coalition

The Workers Circle

Union for Reform Judaism

United Church of Christ, Justice and Witness Ministries


United We Dream Action

Voices for Progress

Win Without War

Woman’s National Democratic Club (WNDC)


[1] Database of Police Shooting since 2015. (May 29, 2020). Fatal Force, The Washington Post,

[2] The Sentencing Project. (Apr. 19, 2018). UN Report on Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System Available at,

[3] Justice in Policing would prohibit no-knock warrants only in drug cases.

[4] Justice in Policing would eliminate QI for police officers only.

[5] Justice in Policing limits the transfer of certain equipment, doesn’t eliminate the 1033 program.